Locus Summary

Gene:MIR1290; microRNA 1290
Aliases: MIRN1290, hsa-mir-1290
Summary:microRNAs (miRNAs) are short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs. miRNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerase II as part of capped and polyadenylated primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) that can be either protein-coding or non-coding. The primary transcript is cleaved by the Drosha ribonuclease III enzyme to produce an approximately 70-nt stem-loop precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA), which is further cleaved by the cytoplasmic Dicer ribonuclease to generate the mature miRNA and antisense miRNA star (miRNA*) products. The mature miRNA is incorporated into a RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which recognizes target mRNAs through imperfect base pairing with the miRNA and most commonly results in translational inhibition or destabilization of the target mRNA. The RefSeq represents the predicted microRNA stem-loop. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]
Databases:miRBase, HGNC, Ensembl, GeneCard, Gene
Source:NCBIAccessed: 01 September, 2019

Cancer Overview

Research Indicators

Publications Per Year (1994-2019)
Graph generated 01 September 2019 using data from PubMed using criteria.

Literature Analysis

Mouse over the terms for more detail; many indicate links which you can click for dedicated pages about the topic.

Tag cloud generated 01 September, 2019 using data from PubMed, MeSH and CancerIndex

Specific Cancers (6)

Data table showing topics related to specific cancers and associated disorders. Scope includes mutations and abnormal protein expression.

Note: list is not exhaustive. Number of papers are based on searches of PubMed (click on topic title for arbitrary criteria used).

MicroRNA Function

Numbers shown below represent number of publications held in OncomiRDB database for Oncogenic and Tumor-Suppressive MicroRNAs.

TissueTarget Gene(s)Regulator(s)MIR1290 Function in CancerEffect
colorectum (1)
-colon cancer (1)
KIF13B (1)
postpone cytokinesis (1)
cell reprogramming (1)

Source: OncomiRDB Wang D. et al. Bioinformatics 2014, 30(15):2237-2238.

Latest Publications: MIR1290 (cancer-related)

Zhou J, Guo H, Yang Y, et al.
A meta-analysis on the prognosis of exosomal miRNAs in all solid tumor patients.
Medicine (Baltimore). 2019; 98(16):e15335 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that the encapsulated miRNAs from exosomes are potential biomarkers of tumors prognosis. Yet, the results are controversial, so it is obliged to do a meta-analysis to reach a definite conclusion.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Studies were searched for published in PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases until April 20, 2018. A meta-analysis was conducted to appraise the role of exosomal miRNAs in prognosis of cancer patients.
RESULTS: The different exosomal miRNAs expression was remarkably related to overall survival (OS) (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.02, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.84-2.21) and disease-free survival (DFS) (HR = 2.43, 95% CI: 1.86-3.17) of cancer patients. High exosomal miR-21 expression was associated with poor OS (HR = 2.59; 95% CI: 1.71-3.90) and DFS (HR = 1.84; 95% CI: 1.37-2.47). High exosomal miR-451a expression was associated with poor OS (HR = 4.81; 95% CI: 2.33-9.93) and DFS (HR = 2.64; 95% CI: 1.62-4.31). High exosomal miR-1290 expression was associated with poor OS (HR = 1.73; 95% CI: 1.29-2.33). Low exosomal miR-638 expression was associated with poor OS (HR = 2.25; 95% CI: 1.46-3.46).
CONCLUSION: The expression levels of exosomal miRNAs, particularly miR-21, miR-451a, miR-1290, and miR-638 could strongly predict prognosis of solid tumor patients and might be a potential target for tumor treatment.

Nakashima H, Yoshida R, Hirosue A, et al.
Circulating miRNA-1290 as a potential biomarker for response to chemoradiotherapy and prognosis of patients with advanced oral squamous cell carcinoma: A single-center retrospective study.
Tumour Biol. 2019; 41(3):1010428319826853 [PubMed] Related Publications
MicroRNAs are a class of small, endogenous, noncoding 18- to 24-nucleotide-long RNAs that can regulate multiple processes related to cancer progression. However, their clinical value in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma has not yet been fully explored. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of circulating microRNAs in oral squamous cell carcinoma patients. The expression levels of circulating miR-1246 and miR-1290 in healthy volunteers and oral squamous cell carcinoma patients were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The expression levels of both microRNAs in the radioresistant oral squamous cell carcinoma cell line (SAS-R) and the parent cell line (SAS) and in the conditioned medium obtained from these cell lines were also examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. In addition, the correlations between circulating microRNA status and various clinicopathological features in 55 oral squamous cell carcinoma patients with locally advanced oral squamous cell carcinoma who underwent surgery following 5-fluorouracil-based chemoradiotherapy were examined. The expression level of miR-1290 was significantly lower in the plasma of oral squamous cell carcinoma patients than in that of healthy volunteers (p < 0.01). The expression levels of microRNAs in the conditioned medium and in the cells varied from cell to cell. In the clinicopathological analyses, the frequency of patients with low miR-1290 levels was significantly higher among cases with lower pathological differentiation and among those with a poor pathological response for preoperative chemoradiotherapy (p = 0.030 each). Furthermore, Cox regression analysis based on the 5-year overall survival and disease-free survival revealed that miR-1290 status was a significant prognostic factor for patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (hazard ratio = 0.169, p = 0.008, and hazard ratio = 0.186, p = 0.008, respectively). Circulating miR-1290 status could be a valuable biomarker for predicting the clinical response to chemoradiotherapy as well as overall survival in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma.

Ta N, Huang X, Zheng K, et al.
miRNA-1290 Promotes Aggressiveness in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma by Targeting IKK1.
Cell Physiol Biochem. 2018; 51(2):711-728 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND/AIMS: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a group of non-coding RNAs that play diverse roles in pancreatic carcinogenesis. In pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), NF-kB is constitutively activated in most patients and is linked to a mutation in KRAS via IkB kinase complex 1 (IKK1, also known as IKKa). We investigated the link between PDAC aggressiveness and miR-1290.
METHODS: We used miRCURYTM LNA Array and in situ hybridization to investigate candidate miRNAs and validated the findings with PCR. The malignant behavior of cell lines was assessed with Cell Counting Kit-8, colony formation, and Transwell assays. A dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to evaluate the interaction between miR-1290 and IKK1. Protein expression was observed by western blotting.
RESULTS: In this study, 36 miRNAs were dysregulated in high-grade pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) and PDAC tissues compared with low-grade PanIN tissues. The area under the curve values of miR-1290 and miR-31-5p were 0.829 and 0.848, respectively (95% confidence interval, 0.722-0.936 and 0.749-0.948, both P < 0.001). There was a significant correlation between miR-1290 and histological differentiation (P = 0.029), pT stage (P = 0.006), and lymph node metastasis (P = 0.001). In addition, the in vitro work showed that miR-1290 promoted PDAC cell proliferation, invasion, and migration. Western blotting and the dual-luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-1290 promoted cancer aggressiveness by directly targeting IKK1. The synergist effect of miR-1290 on the proliferation and metastasis of PDAC cells was attenuated and enhanced by IKK1 overexpression and knockdown, respectively. Consistent with the in vitro results, a subcutaneous tumor mouse model showed that miR-1290 functioned as a potent promoter of PDAC in vivo.
CONCLUSION: MiR-1290 may act as an oncogene by directly targeting the 3'-untranslated region of IKK1, and the miR-1290/IKK1 pathway may prove to be a novel diagnostic and therapeutic target for PDAC.

Li B, Wang F, Li X, et al.
Hsa_circ_0008309 May Be a Potential Biomarker for Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
Dis Markers. 2018; 2018:7496890 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Objective: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common cancer of the head and neck region. The circular RNA (circRNA) is known to serve an important role in the carcinogenesis of different types of cancer. However, the circRNA role of OSCC remains unclear.
Methods: 8 pairs of OSCC tissues and adjacent normal tissues were obtained to detect circRNAs expression by high-throughput sequencing, and 45 pairs of OSCC tissues were selected to verify the differentially significant circRNAs by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). To further investigate the role of hsa_circ_0008309, the circRNA-microRNA (miR)-mRNA network was predicted using bioinformatics databases. The expression levels of hsa_circ_0008309, miR-1290, miR-136-5P, and miR-382-5P in SCC-15 and CAL27 cell lines were detected by RT-qPCR. Western blotting was performed to detect the protein level of Ataxin 1 (ATXN1).
Results: The high-throughput sequencing results demonstrated that circRNAs were abundantly expressed in OSCC, and 16 circRNAs were significantly differentially expressed. Hsa_circ_0008309 was significantly downregulated in 45 pairs of OSCC tissue samples and was statistically correlated with pathological differentiation. The bioinformatics databases suggested that hsa_circ_0008309 could combine with miR-1290, miR-136-5P, and miR-382-5P, respectively, to regulate the expression of ATXN1. It was subsequently identified that hsa_circ_0008309 may inhibit miR-136-5P and miR-382-5P expression and increase ATXN1 expression in the OSCC cell lines.
Conclusion: In summary, the results of the present study revealed that OSCC tissues have abundant circRNAs and, to the best of our knowledge, we firstly explore the regulatory role of the hsa_circ_0008309-miR-136-5P/hsa-miR-382-5P-ATXN1 network in OSCC. The results indicated that hsa_circ_0008309 may be a potential biomarker for OSCC.

Huang Q, Yang J, Zheng J, et al.
Characterization of selective exosomal microRNA expression profile derived from laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma detected by next generation sequencing.
Oncol Rep. 2018; 40(5):2584-2594 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Exosomes are nanometer‑scale extracellular vesicles derived from almost all types of cells and key signaling mediators between cancer cells and their microenvironment. Certain microRNAs (miRNAs) are selected for exosome packing and exclusion from parental cells, while other miRNAs are selectively retained by cells, suggesting a biological role for these miRNAs in tumor malignant progression. In the present study, we isolated and characterized the exosomes derived from the laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) cell line AMC‑HN‑8 for the first time, and identified a subset of miRNAs enriched in the exosomes compared with parental cells, such as miR‑1246, miR‑1290, miR‑335‑5p, miR‑127‑3p and miR‑122‑5p through small RNA sequencing combined with reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR (RT‑qPCR) analysis. Potential target prediction, Gene Ontology (GO) annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis revealed possible functions associated with these selective exosomal miRNAs. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that the LSCC cell line AMC‑HN‑8 can release exosomes and cells can selectively pack certain miRNAs into exosomes.

Kobayashi M, Sawada K, Nakamura K, et al.
Exosomal miR-1290 is a potential biomarker of high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma and can discriminate patients from those with malignancies of other histological types.
J Ovarian Res. 2018; 11(1):81 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
BACKGROUND: microRNAs (miRNAs) stably exist in circulating blood encapsulated in extracellular vesicles such as exosomes; therefore, serum miRNAs have the potential to serve as novel cancer biomarkers. New diagnostic markers to detect high grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) are urgently needed. The aim of this study was to identify miRNAs specific to HGSOC and analyze whether serum miRNA can discriminate HGSOC patients from healthy controls or patients with ovarian malignancies of other histological types.
METHODS: Exosomes from ovarian cancer cell lines were collected and exosomal miRNAs extracted. miRNA microarray analysis revealed several elevated miRNAs specific to HGSOC. Among these, we focused on miR-1290. Sera from 70 ovarian cancer patients and 13 healthy controls were gathered and its expression levels detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction.
RESULTS: In HGSOC patients, serum miR-1290 was significantly overexpressed compared to in healthy controls (3.52 fold; P = 0.03), unlike in patients with ovarian cancers of other histological types. The relative expression of miR-1290 was higher in advanced stages of HGSOC than in early stages (4.23 vs. 1.58; P = 0.23). Its expression significantly decreased after operation (5.87 to 1.17; P < 0.01), indicating that this miRNA reflects tumor burden. A receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that at the cut-off of 1.20, the sensitivity and specificity were 63% and 85% respectively for discriminating patients with HGSOC (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.71) from healthy controls, and at the cut-off of 1.55, the sensitivity and specificity were 47% and 85% respectively for discriminating patients with HGSOC (AUC = 0.76) from those with malignancies of other histological types.
CONCLUSIONS: Serum miR-1290 is significantly elevated in patients with HGSOC and can be used to discriminate these patients from those with malignancies of other histological types; it is a new potential diagnostic biomarker for HGSOC.

Szejniuk WM, Robles AI, McCulloch T, et al.
Epigenetic predictive biomarkers for response or outcome to platinum-based chemotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer, current state-of-art.
Pharmacogenomics J. 2019; 19(1):5-14 [PubMed] Related Publications
Platinum-based chemotherapy is commonly used to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, its efficacy is limited and no molecular biomarkers that predict response are available. In this review, we summarize current knowledge concerning potential epigenetic predictive markers for platinum-based chemotherapy response in NSCLC. A systematic search of PubMed and ClinicalTrials.gov using keywords "non-small cell lung cancer" combined with "chemotherapy predictive biomarkers", "chemotherapy epigenetics biomarkers", "chemotherapy microRNA biomarkers", "chemotherapy DNA methylation" and "chemotherapy miRNA biomarkers" revealed 1740 articles from PubMed and 36 clinical trials. Finally, 22 papers and no trials fulfilled the review criteria. Among miRNA, combination of miR-1290, miR-196b and miR-135a in tumor tissue, and miR-21, miR-25, miR27b, and miR-326 in plasma were predictive for response to platinum-based chemotherapy in advanced NSCLC. RASSF1A methylation measured in tumor or blood was predictive for response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. These biomarkers remain experimental and none have been tested in a prospective trial.

Kandhavelu J, Subramanian K, Khan A, et al.
Computational Analysis of miRNA and their Gene Targets Significantly Involved in Colorectal Cancer Progression.
Microrna. 2019; 8(1):68-75 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND: Globally, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer in women and the fourth most common cancer in men. Dysregulation of small non-coding miRNAs have been correlated with colon cancer progression. Since there are increasing reports of candidate miRNAs as potential biomarkers for CRC, this makes it important to explore common miRNA biomarkers for colon cancer. As computational prediction of miRNA targets is a critical initial step in identifying miRNA: mRNA target interactions for validation, we aim here to construct a potential miRNA network and its gene targets for colon cancer from previously reported candidate miRNAs, inclusive of 10 up- and 9 down-regulated miRNAs from tissues; and 10 circulatory miRNAs.
METHODS: The gene targets were predicted using DIANA-microT-CDS and TarBaseV7.0 databases. Each miRNA and its targets were analyzed further for colon cancer hotspot genes, whereupon DAVID analysis and mirPath were used for KEGG pathway analysis.
RESULTS: We have predicted 874 and 157 gene targets for tissue and serum specific miRNA candidates, respectively. The enrichment of miRNA revealed that particularly hsa-miR-424-5p, hsa-miR-96-5p, hsa-miR-1290, hsa-miR-224, hsa-miR-133a and has-miR-363-3p present possible targets for colon cancer hallmark genes, including BRAF, KRAS, EGFR, APC, amongst others. DAVID analysis of miRNA and associated gene targets revealed the KEGG pathways most related to cancer and colon cancer. Similar results were observed in mirPath analysis. A new insight gained in the colon cancer network pathway was the association of hsa-mir-133a and hsa-mir-96-5p with the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway. In the present study, target prediction shows that while hsa-mir-424-5p has an association with mostly 10 colon cancer hallmark genes, only their associations with MAP2 and CCND1 have been experimentally validated.
CONCLUSION: These miRNAs and their targets require further evaluation for a better understanding of their associations, ultimately with the potential to develop novel therapeutic targets.

Karasek P, Gablo N, Hlavsa J, et al.
Pre-operative Plasma miR-21-5p Is a Sensitive Biomarker and Independent Prognostic Factor in Patients with Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Undergoing Surgical Resection.
Cancer Genomics Proteomics. 2018 Jul-Aug; 15(4):321-327 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Blood plasma microRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as a clinically useful tool for non-invasive detection and prognosis estimation in various cancer types including pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The aim of the present study was to provide an independent validation of circulating miRNAs identified in previous studies as diagnostic and/or prognostic biomarkers in PDAC. Based on the literature search, 6 miRNAs were chosen as candidates for independent validation; miR-21-5p, miR-375, miR-155, miR-17-5p, miR-126-5p and miR-1290. Validation of these miRNAs was performed in a cohort of 25 patients with PDAC undergoing surgical resection and 24 healthy donors. Plasma levels of miRNAs were determined using quantitative real-time PCR. We confirmed significantly higher levels of all tested miRNA in blood plasma of PDAC patients in comparison to healthy controls with miR-21-5p showing the highest analytical performance (p<0.001; AUC>0.99). Increased levels of miR-21-5p (p=0.045) and miR-375 (p=0.013) were significantly associated with overall survival. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that miR-21-5p is a significant unfavorable prognostic factor independent on other clinical variables including adjuvant chemotherapy (hazard ratio 2.95; 95% CI 1.06-8.18; p=0.038). Our preliminary data indicate promising diagnostic and prognostic utility of plasma miR-21-5p in PDAC patients.

Jin JJ, Liu YH, Si JM, et al.
Overexpression of miR-1290 contributes to cell proliferation and invasion of non small cell lung cancer by targeting interferon regulatory factor 2.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2018; 95:113-120 [PubMed] Related Publications
MicroRNAs are small endogenous non-coding RNAs, which can frequently emerge as regulators in many cancer types. MiR-1290 was found to be abnormally elevated in non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the underlying molecular mechanism still needs to be investigated. Here, we demonstrated that miR-1290 expression levels were remarkably upregulated in NSCLC tissues compared to adjacent normal tissues. Higher miR-1290 expression levels positively associated with lymph node metastasis and advanced tumor stage. Functional assays showed that upregulated miR-1290 expression in NSCLC cells enhanced cell proliferation, cell colony formation and invasion capacities in vitro. Furthermore, we found that miR-1290 promoted cell proliferation related protein CDK2 and CDK4 expression and enhanced Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) process by downregulating E-cadherin expression and upregulating N-cadherin expression. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter gene assays revealed that Interferon regulatory factor 2 (IRF2) was a direct target of miR-1290. Overexpression of miR-1290 can degrade IRF2 mRNA and downregulated IRF2 protein expression in NSCLC cells. Upregulated IRF2 could partly rescue the promoting effects induced by miR-1290 overexpression on cell proliferation and invasion of NSCLC. Additionally, we confirmed that reduced miR-1290 expression could suppress tumor growth using a tumor xenograft model in vivo. Thus, we concluded that miR-1290 may serve as a potential target of NSCLC treatment.

Masamune A, Yoshida N, Hamada S, et al.
Exosomes derived from pancreatic cancer cells induce activation and profibrogenic activities in pancreatic stellate cells.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2018; 495(1):71-77 [PubMed] Related Publications
Pancreatic cancer cells (PCCs) interact with pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs), which play a pivotal role in pancreatic fibrogenesis, to develop the cancer-conditioned tumor microenvironment. Exosomes are membrane-enclosed nanovesicles, and have been increasingly recognized as important mediators of cell-to-cell communications. The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of PCC-derived exosomes on cell functions in PSCs. Exosomes were isolated from the conditioned medium of Panc-1 and SUIT-2 PCCs. Human primary PSCs were treated with PCC-derived exosomes. PCC-derived exosomes stimulated the proliferation, migration, activation of ERK and Akt, the mRNA expression of α-smooth muscle actin (ACTA2) and fibrosis-related genes, and procollagen type I C-peptide production in PSCs. Ingenuity pathway analysis of the microarray data identified transforming growth factor β1 and tumor necrosis factor as top upstream regulators. PCCs increased the expression of miR-1246 and miR-1290, abundantly contained in PCC-derived exosomes, in PSCs. Overexpression of miR-1290 induced the expression of ACTA2 and fibrosis-related genes in PSCs. In conclusion, PCC-derived exosomes stimulate activation and profibrogenic activities in PSCs. Exosome-mediated interactions between PSCs and PCCs might play a role in the development of the tumor microenvironment.

Ma Q, Wang Y, Zhang H, Wang F
miR-1290 Contributes to Colorectal Cancer Cell Proliferation by Targeting INPP4B.
Oncol Res. 2018; 26(8):1167-1174 [PubMed] Related Publications
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common oncological conditions worldwide, to date. MicroRNA-1290 (miR-1290) has been demonstrated to regulate its progression. We studied the role of miR-1290 in CRC progression. The gene was upregulated in CRC tissues and cells. Its overexpression promoted CRC cell proliferation analyzed by MTT assay, colony formation assay, and soft agar growth assay. In addition, miR-1290 knockdown inhibited CRC cell proliferation. We also found that miR-1290 overexpression reduced the p27 level and increased cyclin D1 at both the mRNA and protein levels, whereas miR-1290 knockdown increased p27 and reduced cyclin D1, confirming miR-1290 promoted CRC cell proliferation. Inositol polyphosphate 4-phosphatase B (INPP4B) was the target of miR-1290. Luciferase reporter assay revealed that miR-1290 directly bound to the 3'-UTR of INPP4B; the mutated seed sites in miR-1290 abrogated this effect. Double knockdown of INPP4B and miR-1290 promoted CRC cell proliferation, suggesting miR-1290 promoted CRC cell proliferation by targeting INPP4B.

Danese E, Minicozzi AM, Benati M, et al.
Reference miRNAs for colorectal cancer: analysis and verification of current data.
Sci Rep. 2017; 7(1):8413 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) hold great promise in cancer research. The use of appropriate reference miRNAs for normalization of qPCR data is crucial for accurate expression analysis. We present here analysis and verification of current data, proposing a workflow strategy for identification of reference miRNAs in colorectal cancer (CRC). We performed a systematic review of studies aimed to identify stable reference miRNAs in CRC through high-throughput screening. Among the candidate miRNAs selected from the literature we excluded those predicted to target oncogenes or tumor suppressor gene. We then assessed the expression levels of the remaining candidates in exosomes, plasma and tissue samples from CRC patients and healthy controls. The expression stability was evaluated by box-plot, ∆Cq analysis, NormFinder and BestKeeper statistical algorithms. The effects of normalisers on the relative quantification of the oncogenic miR-1290 was also assessed. Our results consistently showed that different combinations of miR-520d, miR-1228 and miR-345 provided the most stably expressed reference miRNAs in the three biological matrices. We identified suitable reference miRNAs for future miRNA expression studies in exosomes plasma and tissues CRC samples. We also provided a novel conceptual framework that overcome the need of performing ex novo identification of suitable reference genes in single experimental systems.

Xie R, Wu SN, Gao CC, et al.
Prognostic value of combined and individual expression of microRNA-1290 and its target gene nuclear factor I/X in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
Cancer Biomark. 2017; 20(3):325-331 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND: microRNA (miR)-1290 was previously indicated to promote esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) progression via regulating its target gene nuclear factor I/X (NFIX).
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical significance of miR-1290 and NFIX in ESCC.
METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR was performed to detect miR-1290 and NFIX mRNA expression in ESCC tissues. Associations of miR-1290 and/or NFIX mRNA expression with various clinicopathological features and prognosis in ESCC patients were statistically evaluated.
RESULTS: Compared to noncancerous esophageal mucosa, miR-1290 expression was upregulated, while NFIX mRNA expression was downregulated in ESCC tissues. There was a significantly negative correlation between miR-1290 and NFIX expression in ESCC tissues (r=-0.427, P= 0.01). Interestingly, miR-1290-high and/or NFIX-low expression were all significantly associated with positive lymph node metastasis and advanced tumor-node-metastasis stage of ESCC patients (all P< 0.05). Moreover, miR-1290 upregulation and NFIX downregulation both correlated short overall and disease-free survivals of ESCC patients. Importantly, the prognostic value of combined miR-1290 and NFIX expression was more significant than those considered alone.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that the dysregulation of miR-1290-NFIX axis may play crucial roles in esophageal carcinogenesis and progression. We also confirmed miR-1290 and its target gene NFIX as independent prognostic factors for ESCC patients.

Xu Y, Qin S, An T, et al.
MiR-145 detection in urinary extracellular vesicles increase diagnostic efficiency of prostate cancer based on hydrostatic filtration dialysis method.
Prostate. 2017; 77(10):1167-1175 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) can be detected in body fluids and may serve as disease biomarkers. Increasing evidence suggests that circulating miRNAs in serum and urine may be potential non-invasive biomarkers for prostate cancer (PCa). In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether hydrostatic filtration dialysis (HFD) is suitable for urinary EVs (UEVs) isolation and whether such reported PCa-related miRNAs can be detected in UEVs as PCa biomarkers.
METHODS: To analyze EVs miRNAs, we searched for an easy and economic method to enrich EVs from urine samples. We compared the efficiency of HFD method and conventional ultracentrifugation (UC) in isolating UEVs. Subsequently, UEVs were isolated from patients with PCa, patients with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) and healthy individuals. Differential expression of four PCa-related miRNAs (miR-572, miR-1290, miR-141, and miR-145) were measured in UEVs and paired serum EVs using SYBR Green-based quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR).
RESULTS: The overall performance of HFD was similar to UC. In miRNA yield, both HFD and UC can meet the needs of further analysis. The level of miR-145 in UEVs was significantly increased in patients with PCa compared with the patients with BPH (P = 0.018). In addition, significant increase was observed in miR-145 levels when patients with Gleason score ≥8 tumors compared with Gleason score ≤7 (P = 0.020). Receiver-operating characteristic curve (ROC) revealed that miR-145 in UEVs combined with serum PSA could differentiate PCa from BPH better than PSA alone (AUC 0.863 and AUC 0.805, respectively). In serum EVs, four miRNAs were significantly higher in patients with PCa than with BPH.
CONCLUSION: HFD is appropriate for UEVs isolation and miRNA analysis when compared with conventional UC. miR-145 in UEVs is upregulated from PCa patients compared BPH patients and healthy controls. We suggest the potential use of UEVs miR-145 as a biomarker of PCa.

Yoshino H, Yonemori M, Miyamoto K, et al.
microRNA-210-3p depletion by CRISPR/Cas9 promoted tumorigenesis through revival of TWIST1 in renal cell carcinoma.
Oncotarget. 2017; 8(13):20881-20894 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Previous studies showed that five miRNAs (miR-885-5p, miR-1274, miR-210-3p, miR-224 and miR-1290) were upregulated the most in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Our focus was to understand from a clinical standpoint the functional consequences of upregulating miR-210-3p. Towards this, we utilized the CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing system to deplete miR-210-3p in RCC cell lines (786-o, A498 and Caki2) and characterized the outcomes. We observed that miR-210-3p depletion dramatically increased tumorigenesis, including altering the morphology of A498 and Caki2 cells in a manner characteristic of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). These results were corroborated by in vivo xenograft studies, which showed enhanced growth of tumors from miR-210-3p-depleted A498 cells. We identified Twist-related protein 1 (TWIST1) as a key target of miR-210-3p. Analysis of the ccRCC patient data in The Cancer Genome Atlas database showed a negative correlation between miR-210-3p and TWIST1 expression. High TWIST1 and low miR-210-3p expression associated with poorer overall and disease-free survival as compared to low TWIST1 and high miR-210-3p expression. These findings suggest that renal cell carcinoma progression is promoted by TWIST1 suppression mediated by miR-210-3p.

Zhou W, Wang S, Ying Y, et al.
miR-196b/miR-1290 participate in the antitumor effect of resveratrol via regulation of IGFBP3 expression in acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
Oncol Rep. 2017; 37(2):1075-1083 [PubMed] Related Publications
MicroRNAs play critical roles in the progression of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Previous studies have indicated that miR-196b and miR-1290 play critical roles in T-cell ALL (T-ALL) and B-cell ALL (B-ALL), respectively. Resveratrol, a natural edible polyphenolic phytoalexin, possesses certain anticancer activities. Nevertheless, the mechanism involved in the regulation of ALL by resveratrol is still poorly understood. The present study aimed to reveal the potential mechanism underlying the antitumor effect of resveratrol in ALL focusing on miRNAs. Research indicates that insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP3) plays a critical role in the aetiology of ALL. In the present study, we first demonstrated that the expression of IGFBP3 was decreased in ALL patients. We further identified that miR-196b and miR-1290 were overexpressed in T-ALL TALL-104 and B-ALL SUP-B15 cell lines, respectively. Moreover, resveratrol markedly decreased the overexpression of miR-196b/miR-1290 and elevated IGFBP3 expression in the ALL cell lines. As an miR-196b/miR-1290 inhibitor, resveratrol was further demonstrated to exert antitumor effects on ALL cells including antiproliferation, cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and inhibition of migration. Dual-luciferase reporter assay revealed that miR-196b/miR-1290 directly bound to the 3'-untranslated (3'-UTR) region of IGFBP3 mRNA. Moreover, we observed that IGFBP3 short interfering RNA reversed the antitumor activity of resveratrol against ALL cells. Taken together, the present study provides evidence that resveratrol targets miR-196b and miR-1290 for its antitumor activity in T-ALL and B-ALL, respectively. The present study also confirms that both miR‑196b and miR-1290 target the IGFBP3 3'-UTR and are potential therapeutic targets for ALL.

Pehserl AM, Ress AL, Stanzer S, et al.
Comprehensive Analysis of miRNome Alterations in Response to Sorafenib Treatment in Colorectal Cancer Cells.
Int J Mol Sci. 2016; 17(12) [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are master regulators of drug resistance and have been previously proposed as potential biomarkers for the prediction of therapeutic response in colorectal cancer (CRC). Sorafenib, a multi-kinase inhibitor which has been approved for the treatment of liver, renal and thyroid cancer, is currently being studied as a monotherapy in selected molecular subtypes or in combination with other drugs in metastatic CRC. In this study, we explored sorafenib-induced cellular effects in Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog olog (KRAS) wild-type and KRAS-mutated CRC cell lines (Caco-2 and HRT-18), and finally profiled expression changes of specific miRNAs within the miRNome (>1000 human miRNAs) after exposure to sorafenib. Overall, sorafenib induced a time- and dose-dependent growth-inhibitory effect through S-phase cell cycle arrest in KRAS wild-type and KRAS-mutated CRC cells. In HRT-18 cells, two human miRNAs (hsa-miR-597 and hsa-miR-720) and two small RNAs (SNORD 13 and hsa-miR-3182) were identified as specifically sorafenib-induced. In Caco-2 cells, nine human miRNAs (hsa-miR-3142, hsa-miR-20a, hsa-miR-4301, hsa-miR-1290, hsa-miR-4286, hsa-miR-3182, hsa-miR-3142, hsa-miR-1246 and hsa-miR-720) were identified to be differentially regulated post sorafenib treatment. In conclusion, we confirmed sorafenib as a potential anti-neoplastic treatment strategy for CRC cells by demonstrating a growth-inhibitory and cell cycle-arresting effect of this drug. Changes in the miRNome indicate that some specific miRNAs might be relevant as indicators for sorafenib response, drug resistance and potential targets for combinatorial miRNA-based drug strategies.

Imaoka H, Toiyama Y, Fujikawa H, et al.
Circulating microRNA-1290 as a novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in human colorectal cancer.
Ann Oncol. 2016; 27(10):1879-86 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND: Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are attracting major interest as potential non-invasive biomarkers for colorectal cancer (CRC). This study aimed to identify a novel serum miRNA biomarker for the early detection and/or evaluating prognosis of CRC patients.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Comprehensive miRNA array analysis was carried out using serum samples from patients with colorectal neoplasia and healthy controls. Next, to verify whether the candidate miRNA possessed a secretory potential, we screened miRNA expression levels in culture medium from 2 CRC cell lines, followed by serum analysis from 12 stage IV CRC, 12 adenoma, and 12 control subjects. Thereafter, we validated expression of candidate miRNAs in 179 primary CRC tissues, as well as serum samples from an independent cohort of 211 CRCs, 56 adenomas, and 57 control subjects.
RESULTS: Through microarray analysis, we identified significantly higher levels of miRNA-1290 (miR-1290) in serum from patients with colorectal adenomas and cancers. We verified miR-1290 overexpression in serum of CRC patients in a training cohort. In the validation cohort, serum miR-1290 levels were significantly up-regulated in patients with colorectal adenomas (P < 0.0001) and cancers (P < 0.0001). Serum miR-1290 levels could robustly distinguish adenoma [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.718] and CRC patients (AUC = 0.830) from normal subjects. High miR-1290 expression in serum and tissue was significantly associated with tumor aggressiveness and poor prognosis. Moreover, serum miR-1290 levels were an independent prognostic factor [hazard ratio (HR) = 4.51; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.23-23.69; P = 0.0096] and an independent predictor for tumor recurrence (hazard ratio = 3.92; 95% confidence interval = 1.11-25.14; P = 0.032) in CRC.
CONCLUSIONS: Serum miR-1290 is a novel biomarker for early detection, recurrence, and prognosis in CRC.

Zhang WC, Chin TM, Yang H, et al.
Tumour-initiating cell-specific miR-1246 and miR-1290 expression converge to promote non-small cell lung cancer progression.
Nat Commun. 2016; 7:11702 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
The tumour-initiating cell (TIC) model accounts for phenotypic and functional heterogeneity among tumour cells. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are regulatory molecules frequently aberrantly expressed in cancers, and may contribute towards tumour heterogeneity and TIC behaviour. More recent efforts have focused on miRNAs as diagnostic or therapeutic targets. Here, we identified the TIC-specific miRNAs, miR-1246 and miR-1290, as crucial drivers for tumour initiation and cancer progression in human non-small cell lung cancer. The loss of either miRNA impacted the tumour-initiating potential of TICs and their ability to metastasize. Longitudinal analyses of serum miR-1246 and miR-1290 levels across time correlate their circulating levels to the clinical response of lung cancer patients who were receiving ongoing anti-neoplastic therapies. Functionally, direct inhibition of either miRNA with locked nucleic acid administered systemically, can arrest the growth of established patient-derived xenograft tumours, thus indicating that these miRNAs are clinically useful as biomarkers for tracking disease progression and as therapeutic targets.

Hamam R, Ali AM, Alsaleh KA, et al.
microRNA expression profiling on individual breast cancer patients identifies novel panel of circulating microRNA for early detection.
Sci Rep. 2016; 6:25997 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer type and the second cause of cancer-related death among women. Therefore, better understanding of breast cancer tumor biology and the identification of novel biomarkers is essential for the early diagnosis and for better disease stratification and management choices. Herein we developed a novel approach which relies on the isolation of circulating microRNAs through an enrichment step using speed-vacuum concentration which resulted in 5-fold increase in microRNA abundance. Global miRNA microarray expression profiling performed on individual samples from 23 BC and 9 normals identified 18 up-regulated miRNAs in BC patients (p(corr) < 0.05). Nine miRNAs (hsa-miR-4270, hsa-miR-1225-5p, hsa-miR-188-5p, hsa-miR-1202, hsa-miR-4281, hsa-miR-1207-5p, hsa-miR-642b-3p, hsa-miR-1290, and hsa-miR-3141) were subsequently validated using qRT-PCR in a cohort of 46 BC and 14 controls. The expression of those microRNAs was overall higher in patients with stage I, II, and III, compared to stage IV, with potential utilization for early detection. The expression of this microRNA panel was slightly higher in the HER2 and TN compared to patients with luminal subtype. Therefore, we developed a novel approach which led to the identification of a novel microRNA panel which was upregulated in BC patients with potential utilization in disease diagnosis and stratification.

Yang C, Sun C, Liang X, et al.
Integrative analysis of microRNA and mRNA expression profiles in non-small-cell lung cancer.
Cancer Gene Ther. 2016; 23(4):90-7 [PubMed] Related Publications
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) represents the most common deadly disease. Emerging evidences suggest that abnormal epigenetic modulation via mRNAs and microRNAs (miRNAs) might be involved in the tumorigenesis. To explore novel therapeutic target of NSCLC, a more detailed mRNAs and miRNA expression profiling study is needed. High-quality total RNA including miRNA was isolated from NSCLC tissue and para-carcinoma tissue and used for RNA and small RNA sequencing. Results were analyzed bioinformatically and validated using quantitative real-time (qRT)-PCR. A total of 3530 genes (1977 up-regulated and 1553 down-regulated) and 211 miRNAs (171 up-regulated and 30 down-regulated) were differentially expressed (DE) in NSCLC tissue versus adjacent normal tissues. Furthermore, 157 novel miRNAs were predicted in our samples. Of these, 918 significant miRNA-mRNA pairs were identified, consisting of 100 miRNAs and 443 mRNAs. Gene ontology analysis revealed that most of the target genes were enriched in the terms of plasma membrane, binding, and multiple biological-molecular signaling processes. Pathway analysis of these miRNA signatures highlights their critical roles in calcium signaling pathway. Using qRT-PCR, the expression of several DE genes (KRAS and RBM5) and miRNAs (miR-1-5p, let-7b-5p, miR-21-5p, miR-1290, miR-149-5p, chr8_28846, chrX_31594, and chr9_29897) were confirmed. The integrative analysis based on mRNA and miRNA profiling may provide more potential molecular for the tumorigenesis and development of NSCLC.

Ng KT, Lo CM, Wong N, et al.
Early-phase circulating miRNAs predict tumor recurrence and survival of hepatocellular carcinoma patients after liver transplantation.
Oncotarget. 2016; 7(15):19824-39 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Post-liver transplantation tumor recurrence is a major challenge for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recipients. We aimed to identify early-phase circulating microRNAs after liver transplantation for predicting tumor recurrence and survival of HCC recipients. Circulating microRNA profiles at early-phase (2-hour after portal vein reperfusion) after liver transplantation were compared between HCC recipients with (n=4) and without tumor recurrence (n=8) by microarray analyses. Candidate microRNAs were validated in 62 HCC recipients by quantitative RT-PCR. The prognostic values of microRNAs for tumor recurrence and survival were examined. Simulated in vitro ischemia-reperfusion injury models were employed to characterize the possible mechanism of up-regulation of circulating microRNAs. Our results showed that up-regulation of circulating miR-148a, miR-1246 or miR-1290 at early-phase was significantly associated with HCC recurrence after liver transplantation. Among them, miR-148a (p=0.030) and miR-1246 (p=0.009) were significant predictors of HCC recurrence. MiR-1246 was an independent predictor of overall (p=0.023) and disease-free survival (p=0.020) of HCC recipients. The level of early-phase circulating miR-1246 was positively correlated with serum AST and ALT levels in HCC recipients after liver transplantation. The expression of hepatic miR-1246 was positively correlated with TNFα mRNA. In vitro experiments indicated that injury-induced activation and differentiation of macrophages significantly elevated the expression and secretion of miR-1246. In conclusion, early-phase circulating miR-1246 is an indicator of hepatic injury and a novel prognostic biomarker for tumor recurrence and survival of HCC recipients after liver transplantation.

Lin M, Shi C, Lin X, et al.
sMicroRNA-1290 inhibits cells proliferation and migration by targeting FOXA1 in gastric cancer cells.
Gene. 2016; 582(2):137-42 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gastric cancer is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the world with high mortality rate due to the lack of markers in early detection and effective therapies. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a critical part of epigenetic regulations in tumor, have been shown to be closely related to the initiation, development, invasion, metastasis and prognosis of gastric cancer. The present study aims to investigate the expression of miR-1290 in gastric tumor cells and to elucidate the target gene of miR-1290 in SGC-7901 gastric cancer cells.
METHODOLOGY: The fluorescence in situ hybridization, real time PCR and Western blot were used to investigate the expression of miR-1290 in gastric tumor cells and clinical gastric tumor samples. The effect of miR-1290 expression on gastric tumor cells was studied using Synthetic miR-1290 inhibitor transfection, in vitro wound healing assay and flow cytometry analysis. Bioinformatics and Luciferase reporter assay were used to predict and validate the target gene of miR-1290.
RESULTS: Our results revealed that miR-1290 was highly expressed in SGC-7901 gastric cancer cells as well as in clinical gastric cancer samples, which was correlated with clinical stages, depth of invasion and lymph node metastasis. Synthetic miR-1290 inhibitor transfection significantly inhibited the proliferation and migration of SGC-7901 cells. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assay suggested that miR-1290 functioned in gastric cancer cells by targeting FOXA1 gene.
CONCLUSION: miR-1290 promotes gastric tumor cells proliferation and metastasis through FOXA1, which could be used as a marker for diagnosis and a target for therapeutic intervention.

Qiu Q, Liu J, Shao J, et al.
[Target-resequencing to identify microRNA-associated SNP and predict the effect of SNP on microRNA function in colorectal cancer patients].
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi. 2015; 37(10):759-63 [PubMed] Related Publications
OBJECTIVE: To identify SNPs in the miRNA genes in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients and to investigate their association with CRC.
METHODS: DNAs were isolated from 30 CRC tumor tissues and 30 tumor-adjacent tissues, and subjected to target capture using a custom miRNA chip covering 685 miRNA genes from NimbleGen. The captured DNAs were then sequenced using the Illumina's sequencing technology, and the data were analyzed.
RESULTS: We identified 64 SNPs in 43 miRNA genes and most of these SNPs are novel SNPs not reported previously. Prediction of functional consequences of the SNPs using TargetScan and miRSNP showed that SNPs of hsa-mir-1273-G/A, hsa-mir-548h-3-C/U, hsa-mir-1290-A/G, and hsa-mir-1273-C/U resulted in reduction of their mature miRNA abundance. SNPs of hsa-mir-376b-C/G, hsa-mir-604-T/C, hsa-mir-1268-T/G and hsa-mir-146a-C/G resulted in changes in their targeted genes. Finally, we focused on the analysis of SNPs in mir-146a and we found that mir-146a rs1052918 C>G was predicted to promote tumorigenesis via the Wnt signaling pathway.
CONCLUSIONS: SNPs in the miRNA genes are important for tumorigenesis. The changes by hsa-mir-146a rs1052918 C>G may result in loss of Wnt, constant activation of the Wnt signaling pathway, and uncontrolled cell proliferation and tumor progression.

Kim G, An HJ, Lee MJ, et al.
Hsa-miR-1246 and hsa-miR-1290 are associated with stemness and invasiveness of non-small cell lung cancer.
Lung Cancer. 2016; 91:15-22 [PubMed] Related Publications
OBJECTIVES: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered to play a pivotal role in the process of invasion, metastasis and chemotherapy resistance. Diverse aberrantly expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported in lung cancer cells. However, there have been few reports about miRNAs that were associated with stemness and invasion of lung cancer. We investigated the role of miRNAs associated with characteristics of CSCs in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We cultured A549 cells (lung adenocarcinoma) and HCC1588 cells (lung squamous cell carcinoma) in serum free media condition. We isolated sphere-forming NSCLC cells and examined the microRNA expression by microarray and qRT-PCT. By inhibition of CSC-associated microRNAs, we identified the changes of stemness and invasiveness in NSCLC.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: We discovered 44 over-expressed, 42 down-regulated miRNAs in the sphere-forming cells compared with the parent cells of NSCLC. By in-silico database search, we selected miR-1246 and miR-1290 that were suspected to be associated with CSCs among aberrantly expressed miRNAs. Inhibition of miR-1246 and miR-1290 showed decreased stemness markers and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers in NSCLC. Anti-miR-1246 and anti-miR-1290 suppressed proliferation, sphere-formation, colony formation and invasion of NSCLC. CSCs-associated miR-1246, or miR-1290 may be important in the invasion or metastasis of NSCLC.

Janiszewska J, Szaumkessel M, Kostrzewska-Poczekaj M, et al.
Global miRNA Expression Profiling Identifies miR-1290 as Novel Potential oncomiR in Laryngeal Carcinoma.
PLoS One. 2015; 10(12):e0144924 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
BACKGROUND: Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is the most common group among head and neck cancers. LSCC is characterized by a high incidence in Europe. With the aim of better understanding its genetic background we performed global miRNA expression profiling of LSCC cell lines and primary specimens. By this approach we identified a cohort of 33 upregulated and 9 downregulated miRNA genes in LSCC as compared to epithelial no tumor controls.
RESULTS: Within this group we identified overexpression of the novel miR-1290 gene not reported in the context of LSCC before. Using a combined bioinformatical approach in connection with functional analysis we delineated two putative target genes of miR-1290 namely ITPR2 and MAF which are significantly downregulated in LSCC. They are interesting candidates for tumor suppressor genes as they are implicated in apoptosis and other processes deregulated in cancer.
CONCLUSION: Taken together, we propose miR-1290 as the new oncomiR involved in LSCC pathogenesis. Additionally, we suggest that the oncogenic potential of miR-1290 might be expressed by the involvement in downregulation of its target genes MAF and ITPR2.

Avigad S, Verly IR, Lebel A, et al.
miR expression profiling at diagnosis predicts relapse in pediatric precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2016; 55(4):328-39 [PubMed] Related Publications
Our aim was to identify miRNAs that can predict risk of relapse in pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Following high-throughput miRNA expression analysis (48 samples), five miRs were selected for further confirmation performed by real time quantitative PCR on a cohort of precursor B-cell ALL patients (n = 138). The results were correlated with clinical parameters and outcome. Low expression of miR-151-5p, and miR-451, and high expression of miR-1290 or a combination of all three predicted inferior relapse free survival (P = 0.007, 0.042, 0.025, and <0.0001, respectively). Cox regression analysis identified aberrant expression of the three miRs as an independent prognostic marker with a 10.5-fold increased risk of relapse (P = 0.041) in PCR-MRD non-high risk patients. Furthermore, following exclusion of patients harboring IKZF1 deletion, the aberrant expression of all three miRs could identify patients with a 24.5-fold increased risk to relapse (P < 0.0001). The prognostic relevance of the three miRNAs was evaluated in a non-BFM treated precursor B-cell ALL cohort (n = 33). A significant correlation between an aberrant expression of at least one of the three miRs and poor outcome was maintained (P < 0.0001). Our results identify an expression profile of miR-151-5p, miR-451, and miR-1290 as a novel biomarker for outcome in pediatric precursor B-cell ALL patients, regardless of treatment protocol. The use of these markers may lead to improved risk stratification at diagnosis and allow early therapeutic interventions in an attempt to improve survival of high risk patients.

Mao Y, Liu J, Zhang D, Li B
MiR-1290 promotes cancer progression by targeting nuclear factor I/X(NFIX) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).
Biomed Pharmacother. 2015; 76:82-93 [PubMed] Related Publications
The nuclear factor I/X (NFIX) plays important roles in cell differentiation, but its function in cancer is still unclear. Besides, accumulating studies reported the important role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the regulation of gene expression, among of which, the miR-1290 has been widely reported in various cancers. In this study, we investigated the mechanism through which NFIX was regulated by miRNAs. Firstly, we found that the NFIX protein and mRNA levels were consistently down-regulated in ESCC tissues suggesting that a post-transcriptional mechanism maybe involved in the regulation of NFIX. Since microRNAs (miRNAs) are powerful post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression, we performed bioinformatic analyses to search for miRNAs that potentially target NFIX. We identified the specific targeting site of miR-1290 in the 3'-UTR of NFIX and the inverse correlation between the levels of miR-1290 and NFIX protein and mRNA in ESCC tissue samples was then confirmed. By overexpressing or silencing miR-1290 in ESCC cells, we experimentally validated that miR-1290 directly binds to the 3'-UTR of the NFIX transcript and degrade the NFIX mRNA to regulate NFIX expression. Furthermore, the biological consequences that miR-1290 mediated by targeting NFIX were examined in vitro. We demonstrated that miR-1290 could promote proliferation, migration and invasion via the negative regulation of NFIX expression. Taken together, our findings suggested that miR-1290 functions as a tumor oncogene in the progression of ESCC by targeting NFIX.

Wu L, Liu T, Xiao Y, et al.
Polygonatum odoratum lectin induces apoptosis and autophagy by regulation of microRNA-1290 and microRNA-15a-3p in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2016; 85:217-26 [PubMed] Related Publications
Polygonatum odoratum lectin (POL), a mannose-binding specific Galanthus nivalis agglutinin (GNA)-related lectin has been reported with remarkable anti-proliferative and apoptosis-inducing effects against several tumor cells. Our previous research revealed that POL can induce apoptosis and autophagy in A549 cells. However, whether microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in POL-induced apoptosis and autophagy in A549 cells has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether miRNAs were involved in POL-induced apoptosis and autophagy in A549 cells. In the present study, we performed microarray analysis on A549 cells to identify altered miRNAs after POL treatment. We found that miR-1290 was down-regulated after POL treatment and down-regulated miR-1290 amplifies POL-induced apoptosis in A549 cells. Moreover, we revealed that glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β) was a direct target of miR-1290 and POL treatment could result in Wnt pathway down regulation. We also found that miR-15a-3p was up-regulated after POL treatment and over-expression of miR-15a-3p resulted in A549 cells apoptosis and autophagy. In addition, we confirmed that a miR-15a-3p mediated ROS-p53 pathway was involved in POL-induced apoptosis and autophagy in A549 cells. Taken together, these data provide evidence that POL induces A549 cells apoptosis and autophagy by regulation of miR-1290 and miR-15a-3p.

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