Research IndicatorsGraph generated 01 September 2019 using data from PubMed using criteria.
Mouse over the terms for more detail; many indicate links which you can click for dedicated pages about the topic. Tag cloud generated 01 September, 2019 using data from PubMed, MeSH and CancerIndex
Specific Cancers (11)
Data table showing topics related to specific cancers and associated disorders. Scope includes mutations and abnormal protein expression.
Note: list is not exhaustive. Number of papers are based on searches of PubMed (click on topic title for arbitrary criteria used).
OMIM, Johns Hopkin University
Referenced article focusing on the relationship between phenotype and genotype.
International Cancer Genome Consortium.
Summary of gene and mutations by cancer type from ICGC
Cancer Genome Anatomy Project, NCI
COSMIC, Sanger Institute
Somatic mutation information and related details
GEO Profiles, NCBI
Search the gene expression profiles from curated DataSets in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) repository.
Latest Publications: IL23R (cancer-related)
BACKGROUND: The lethal-7 (
AIM: To investigate the role of
METHODS: A total of 898 gastric cancer patients and 992 tumor-free controls were recruited into this study from 2008 to 2013. Gastric cancer patients were followed periodically. Ten single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the
RESULTS: All the ten SNPs were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The C allele of the rs3811463 polymorphism in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of
Neurath MFIL-23 in inflammatory bowel diseases and colon cancer.
Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2019; 45:1-8 [PubMed
] Related Publications
Studies in recent years have identified a pivotal role of the cytokine IL-23 in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD: Crohn´s disease, ulcerative colitis) and colitis-associated colon cancer. Genetic studies revealed that subgroups of IBD patients have single nucleotide polymorphisms in the IL-23R gene suggesting that IL-23R signaling affects disease susceptibility. Furthermore, increased production of IL-23 by macrophages, dendritic cells or granulocytes has been observed in various mouse models of colitis, colitis-associated cancer and IBD patients. Moreover, in several murine models of colitis, suppression of IL-12/IL-23 p40, IL-23 p19 or IL-23R function led to marked suppression of gut inflammation. This finding was associated with reduced activation of IL-23 target cells such as T helper 17 cells, innate lymphoid cells type 3, granulocytes and natural killer cells as well as with impaired production of proinflammatory cytokines. Based on these findings, targeting of IL-23 emerges as important concept for suppression of gut inflammation and inflammation-associated cancer growth. Consistently, neutralizing antibodies against IL-12/IL-23 p40 and IL-23 p19 have been successfully used in clinical trials for therapy of Crohn´s disease and pilot studies in ulcerative colitis are ongoing. These findings underline the crucial regulatory role of IL-23 in chronic intestinal inflammation and colitis-associated cancer and indicate that therapeutic strategies aiming at IL-23 blockade may be of key relevance for future therapy of IBD patients.
Tao Y, Tao T, Gross N, et al.Combined Effect of IL-12Rβ2 and IL-23R Expression on Prognosis of Patients with Laryngeal Cancer.
Cell Physiol Biochem. 2018; 50(3):1041-1054 [PubMed
] Related Publications
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to pathologically elucidate the roles of interleukin-12 receptor (IL-12R) β2 and interleukin-23 receptor (IL-23R) expression in tumor cells and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in the tumor microenvironment and to determine their combined effect on prognosis of laryngeal cancer (LC).
METHODS: The tumor-cell expression scores and TIL positivity ratiosof IL-12Rβ2 and IL-23R in matched LC and normal laryngeal tissue samples from 61 LC patients were measured via immunohistochemistry (IHC). We adopted a linear regression model to analyze the correlation between IL-12Rβ2 and IL-23R expression in tumor cells and TIL ratios. TheKaplan-Meier log-rank test and Cox regression hazard ratios were used to analyze survival.
RESULTS: LC tumor cells had a higher IL-12Rβ2 expression and TIL ratio than IL-23R expression and TIL ratio. The significant correlations between IL-12Rβ2 and IL-23R expression and TIL ratios were identified in LC tissues, particularly in well-differentiated LC. Furthermore, either high tumor cell IL-12Rβ2 or low IL-23R expression had better survival than its corresponding low or high expression, respectively. Similar results did for IL-12Rβ2 ratio and IL-23R ratio. Finally, patients with both high IL-12Rβ2 and low IL-23R had the best prognosis among any other combined groups with both gene expression (HR, 0.1; 95% CI, 0.0-0.8). Likewise, patients with positive ratios of high IL-12Rβ2 and low IL-23R TILs had the best survival (HR, 0.1; 95% CI, 0.0-0.4).
CONCLUSION: IL-12Rβ2 and IL-23R create a homeostasis within the tumor cells and TILs, and this homeostasis affects prognosis. While the intrinsic mechanisms of epigenetic immunoediting for IL-12Rβ2 and IL-23R remain unknown, additional larger and functional studies are warranted for validation.
Transcription factor AP-1 is constitutively activated and IRF4 drives growth and survival in ALK
Sheng S, Zhang J, Ai J, et al.Aberrant expression of IL-23/IL-23R in patients with breast cancer and its clinical significance.
Mol Med Rep. 2018; 17(3):4639-4644 [PubMed
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Breast cancer tissues and adjacent tissues were collected from 32 patients who were treated in The Third Hospital of Chengde City. Reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction results demonstrated that, compared with the adjacent tissues, interleukin (IL)‑23/IL‑23 receptor (R) gene expression levels were notably higher in breast cancer tissues. Furthermore, IL‑23 and IL‑23R expression levels were positively correlated with patients' tumor size, TNM stage and metastasis. Recombinant human (rh) IL‑23 (10 ng/ml) was used for the stimulation of the MCF‑7 cell line. Effects of rh IL‑23 (10 ng/ml) on cell proliferation was detected after MCF‑7 cells were incubated with rh IL‑23 for 48 h. Whether pre‑treatment with polyclonal antibody (PAb) IL‑23p19, a neutralizing antibody specific for IL‑23, may influence the effects of IL‑23 on cell behavior was also investigated. Cell proliferation assay and cell apoptosis assay were evaluated using MTT assay and flow cytometry assay, respectively. Results suggested that PAb IL‑23p19 reduced IL-23-induced cell proliferation whereas induced IL‑23 inhibited cell apoptosis. Western blot analysis was performed for the detection of molecules that may be responsible for the aforementioned changes. Results indicated that PAb IL‑23p19 treatment reduced IL‑23‑induced upregulation of B‑cell lymphoma‑2 protein expression and activation of the janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 signaling pathway. The present results suggested that IL‑23 may be a potential prognosis marker and target for the treatment of breast cancer patients.
IL23/Th17 axis acts as an inflammatory pathway in gastric carcinogenesis. MicroRNA- (miRNA-) binding site single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of inflammatory genes may alter gastric cancer (GC) susceptibility. In this study, four miRNA binding site SNPs (rs3748067 of
Kasamatsu T, Kimoto M, Takahashi N, et al.IL17A and IL23R gene polymorphisms affect the clinical features and prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma.
Hematol Oncol. 2018; 36(1):196-201 [PubMed
] Related Publications
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in interleukin 17 (IL17A) and IL-23 receptor (IL23R) are involved in the pathogenesis of many cancers and autoimmune diseases. We investigated the influence of IL17A and IL23R SNPs on the risk of developing multiple myeloma (MM) and its clinical features. We obtained genomic DNA from 120 patients with MM and 201 healthy controls and detected IL17A -197 G/A (rs2275913) and IL23R H3Q (rs1884444) genotypes using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. There were no significant differences in the genotype and allele frequencies of IL17A -197 G/A and IL23R H3Q between the controls and patients with MM. Compared with the GG and GA genotypes, the IL17A AA genotype was significantly associated with lower hemoglobin levels. The IL23R HH genotype was significantly associated with higher frequency of bone lesions and plasmacytoma than the HQ and QQ genotypes. We observed significant differences in overall survival (OS) between patients treated with thalidomide and/or bortezomib and those treated conventionally. Therefore, we also examined the effect of IL17A and IL23R polymorphisms on the clinical variables and OS in patients treated with thalidomide and/or bortezomib. We observed that the IL23R HH genotype was significantly associated with poor survival compared with the QH and HH genotypes in these patients. Our findings indicate that IL17A -197 G/A and IL23R H3Q are not associated with susceptibility to MM. However, IL-17 and IL-23R polymorphisms may affect severity, bone lesions, and extra-medullary disease in patients with MM. Moreover, IL23R polymorphisms may contribute to poor prognosis in patients with MM treated with thalidomide and/or bortezomib.
Zareinejad M, Samiei A, Valibeigi B, et al.Interleukin-23 Receptor Gene Variants in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and Their Relation to Prognostic Factors.
Iran J Immunol. 2017; 14(1):59-72 [PubMed
] Related Publications
BACKGROUND: Interleukin (IL)-23 has an important role in tumor immune regulation.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible association of interleukin-23 receptor (IL23R) gene variants rs1884444, rs10889677 and rs11209026 with development of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
METHODS: The IL23R variants were studied in 164 ALL patients and compared to 175 healthy controls by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. The relationship between these variants and clinical and laboratory features of the patients and response to therapy were evaluated.
RESULTS: No significant differences in genotype and allele frequencies existed between patients and controls. The rs1884444TG genotype was significantly lower in patients who relapsed (24.2%) compared to those without relapse (55.9%, p=0.006). Fewer patients who relapsed had evidence of the G allele (p=0.034). The TG genotype was associated with a longer complete remission at 1804±116 days compared to other genotypes (<1217 days, p=0.028), however, this result was not significant in multivariate analysis. The rs10889677 AA genotype and A allele were associated with age (p<0.041) and platelet number (p=0.03) in precursor-B cell ALL (B-ALL) patients. Both occurred more frequently in patients aged 2-10 years (63.6% and 66%, respectively) and in those with platelets >100×10ˆ3 μL (68.4% and 52.4%, respectively).
CONCLUSION: Our findings showed a lack of association of the studied polymorphisms with the risk of ALL. The influence of the rs1884444 polymorphism on relapse rate and association of rs10889677 AA genotype with favorable prognostic factors suggest the effect of the studied polymorphisms on ALL response to therapy and prognosis.
The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is rapidly rising in the United States and Western countries. In this study, we carried out an integrative molecular analysis to identify interactions between genomic and epigenomic alterations in regulating gene expression networks in EAC. We detected significant alterations in DNA copy numbers (CN), gene expression levels, and DNA methylation profiles. The integrative analysis demonstrated that altered expression of 1,755 genes was associated with changes in CN or methylation. We found that expression alterations in 84 genes were associated with changes in both CN and methylation. These data suggest a strong interaction between genetic and epigenetic events to modulate gene expression in EAC. Of note, bioinformatics analysis detected a prominent K-RAS signature and predicted activation of several important transcription factor networks, including β-catenin, MYB, TWIST1, SOX7, GATA3 and GATA6. Notably, we detected hypomethylation and overexpression of several pro-inflammatory genes such as COX2, IL8 and IL23R, suggesting an important role of epigenetic regulation of these genes in the inflammatory cascade associated with EAC. In summary, this integrative analysis demonstrates a complex interaction between genetic and epigenetic mechanisms providing several novel insights for our understanding of molecular events in EAC.
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a group of cells which possess the ability of self-renewing and unlimited proliferation. And these CSCs are thought to be the cause of metastasis, recurrence and resistance. Recent study has found that pro-inflammatory cytokine and chemotactic factor mediate the self-renewing and differentiation of most of CSCs. Thus we speculate that ovarian cancer stem cells (OCSCs) can also maintain the ability of self-renewing and differentiation by releasing inflammatory factor. This report we discuss the biological characteristics and the specific molecular mechanism mediated by interleukin-23 (IL-23) and its receptor on the self-renewing of OCSCs. We found that OCSCs had high expression of IL-23 and IL-23R. IL-23 could promote the self-renewal ability of OCSCs and played a very important role to maintain the stable expression of stem cell markers in vitro. Moreover, we verified that IL-23 could maintain the potential tumorigenic of OCSCs in vivo and mediate the self-renewal ability and the formation of tumor in OCSCs by activating the signal pathways of STAT3 and NF-κB. In addition, human low differentiation tissues showed overexpression of IL-23. And IL-23 positively correlated to the expression level of CD133, Nanog and Oct4. In conclusion, Our discoveries demonstrate that autocrine IL-23 contribute to ovarian cancer malignancy through promoting the self-renewal of CD133+ ovarian cancer stem-like cells, and this suggests that IL-23 and its signaling pathway might serve as therapeutic targets for the treatment of ovarian cancer.
Garrity-Park MM, Loftus EV, Bryant SC, Smyrk TCA Biomarker Panel to Detect Synchronous Neoplasm in Non-neoplastic Surveillance Biopsies from Patients with Ulcerative Colitis.
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2016; 22(7):1568-74 [PubMed
] Related Publications
BACKGROUND: Patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) are at risk for colorectal neoplasia. Challenges associated with surveillance colonoscopy with random biopsies for detection of dysplasia/cancer are well-documented. This study extended our findings in UC-associated colorectal cancer to include low-grade dysplasia (LGD) patients, testing whether our biomarker panel detects any UC-associated neoplasm.
METHODS: DNA from the LGD area and the corresponding nonadjacent, non-dysplastic section from 171 UC-LGD patients was extracted. TaqMan SNP Genotyping Assays for TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL23R were used to evaluate polymorphisms for each gene. Bisulfite-treated DNA was used for methylation testing of RUNX3, COX2, and MINT1. LGD data were combined with UC-cancer patient data for statistical testing. Logistic regression analyses determined associations between genetic/epigenetic/clinical variables and UC-associated neoplasia. Receiver operating characteristic analyses were performed to determine the final synchronous neoplasm detection panel.
RESULTS: Comparison of nonadjacent, non-dysplastic DNA from UC-neoplasm patients versus UC-controls indicated that TNF-α, IL-1β, and methylation of RUNX3, MINT1, and COX2 were significantly different (P < 0.0001). In multivariable analysis, all remained significant with an area under the curve of 0.85, exceeding the clinical variable panel area under the curve. Combining clinical and experimental variables yielded a neoplasm biomarker panel with an area under the curve of 0.95 (sensitivity and specificity of 82% and 91%, respectively). Analysis of DNA from LGD with known progression compared with LGD without progression indicated a significant difference in RUNX3 methylation.
CONCLUSIONS: A combined clinical, genetic, and epigenetic model for detecting synchronous neoplasm by testing of non-neoplastic colonic tissue had favorable operating characteristics and could complement current patient care.
Recent studies have shown that Th17 cells may be involved in the pathological process of acute myeloid leukemia. This CD4+ cell subgroup secretes highly homologous interleukin (IL)-17A and IL-17F, and also expresses IL-23 receptor (IL-23R) on the cell surface. Our study aims to investigate the relationship of IL-17A, IL-17F, and IL23R with disease susceptibility, and clarify the relationship between gene polymorphism variation and serum IL-17 level. 62 acute myeloid leukemia patients and 125 healthy controls were included in this study. Restriction fragment length polymorphism polymerase chain reaction (PCR-RFLP) was applied to analyze IL-17A (rs2275913; G-197A), IL17F (rs763780; A7488G; His161Arg), and IL-23R (rs11209026, G1142A; Arg381Gln) alleles. At the same time, enzyme-linked immunoassay analysis (ELISA) was used to test serum IL-17 level in patients. Acute myeloid leukemia patients presented higher rate of IL-17F G single mutant (RR=4.75, P<0.001) and GG mutation homozygote (RR=23.01, P<0.005). While IL-17A, IL-23R A single mutant and purified AA mutation homozygote showed no correlation with acute myeloid leukemia susceptibility. In addition, ELISA showed that serum IL-17 exhibited no significant difference between acute myeloid leukemia patients and healthy controls had (8.8±7.19 pg/ml vs. 1.4±0.2 pg/ml, P>0.05). IL-17F G single mutant and GG mutation homozygote were correlated with acute myeloid leukemia susceptibility, while IL-17 gene polymorphism and serum IL-17 level were not. Furthermore, IL-17A and IL-23R gene polymorphism were not associated with acute myeloid leukemia susceptibility.
IL23/IL17 pathway plays an important role in the development of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). In general, the genes encoding the cytokines are genetically polymorphic and polymorphisms in genes IL23R and IL17 have been proved to be associated with its susceptibility to inflammatory diseases as well as cancer including colorectal cancer. Moreover, it has been shown that these interleukins are involved in anti-tumor or pro-tumor effects of various cancers. Previously, we showed that there is a significant association between IL17A, IL17F and IL23R polymorphisms as well as the occurrence of colorectal cancer and the clinical features of the disease. The purpose of the present work is to investigate an association between IL17A, IL17F and IL23R polymorphisms in 102 Tunisian patients with colorectal cancer treatment. The association was analyzed by statistical tools. We found that patients with mutated genotypes of IL17A G197A SNP could be a risk factor for the inefficiency of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Unlike IL17F variant, patients with wild type genotypes require surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy. On the one hand, we found no evidence that supports a significant association between IL23R polymorphism and the combined genotypes of these three genes and the colorectal cancer treatment. On the other hand, we showed that there is an important interaction between IL17A/IL17F polymorphisms and the stage of the disease as well as its treatment. Finally, patients with IL17F wild type genotype highlighted that there is a valid longer OS without all treatments and with radiotherapy and a neoadjuvant chemotherapy. In contrast, we observed that there are no relationships between IL17A, IL23R and the survival of these patients neither with nor without the treatment. Our results suggest that polymorphisms in IL17A and IL17F genes may be a predictive source of colorectal cancer therapy type. Therefore, IL17F may serve as an independent prognostic factor for overall survival in patients with colorectal cancer.
Omrane I, Benammar-Elgaaied AThe immune microenvironment of the colorectal tumor: Involvement of immunity genes and microRNAs belonging to the TH17 pathway.
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2015; 1856(1):28-38 [PubMed
] Related Publications
Colorectal cancer is a complex and multifactorial disease. Various factors such as genetic, immunological, epigenetic and environmental constitute minor risk factors with their additive effects contributing to the advent of colorectal cancer. In order to evaluate the role of innate and adaptive immunity in the susceptibility, the presentation and the development of colorectal cancer, we considered an immunogenetic approach on polymorphisms in the TLR4 gene and NOD2/CARD15 gene (receptors of innate immunity) as well as in cytokine genes of the TH17 pathway IL17A, IL17F and cytokine receptor IL23R. Then, we evaluated the expression of microRNAs regulated by TLR4 and NOD2/CARD15 or targeting TLR4, IL17 and proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6, TNF) induced by IL17. Through a case-control study, we showed that the polymorphism of IL17A is associated with its susceptibility to colorectal cancer. Considering the tumor location, we found that the mutated alleles of IL17A, IL17F and IL23R are rather associated with colon cancer and not with rectum cancer. This result confirms that the colon and rectum are two different physiological entities. This study shows that TLR4, IL17A/F and IL23R polymorphisms are involved in the presentation of the disease with regard to tumor architecture, histology, and differentiation, advanced stage of the disease and lymph node and metastasis. Overall, these polymorphisms are associated with a poor prognosis of the disease. Furthermore, in order to evaluate the involvement of epigenetic mechanisms in the occurrence of colorectal cancer, we aimed at analyzing the tumor compared to a normal adjacent tissue and the expression of miRNAs (miR21, miR146a, miR135a, miR147b and miR155) that regulate immunity genes especially the cytokines of the TH17 pathway. This research has shown that microRNAs 21, 135a and 146a are associated with colorectal cancer. Indeed, these three miRs are overexpressed in cancer tissue compared to healthy tissue. These results clearly confirm the involvement of epigenetics in colorectal cancer. In other words, this study reveals the importance of immunity and specifically the TH17 pathway in the development and presentation of colorectal cancer. These results suggest that TLR4, IL17A, IL17F and IL23R polymorphisms as well as the expression of microRNAs that regulate inflammation and the TH17 pathway are associated with the evolution and progression of the colorectal tumor that could be considered as biomarkers in colorectal cancer.
Nemati K, Golmoghaddam H, Hosseini SV, et al.Interleukin-17FT7488 allele is associated with a decreased risk of colorectal cancer and tumor progression.
Gene. 2015; 561(1):88-94 [PubMed
] Related Publications
BACKGROUND: IL-17 family of cytokines and human IL-23R play important and sometimes contradictory roles in autoimmune and inflammatory diseases as well as human malignancies. Different alleles of this cytokine family may differentially affect IL-17 secretion. We sought to investigate the association of IL-17A, IL-17F and IL-23R gene polymorphisms with the susceptibility to colorectal cancer (CRC).
METHODS: The IL-17A rs2275913 (G197A), IL-17F rs763780 (T7488C), IL-23R rs11209026 and IL-23R rs1088967 SNPs were detected in 202 patients with colorectal cancer and 203 healthy age/sex matched controls by PCR-RFLP method. For evaluation of the functional relevance of these SNPs with IL-17A and IL-17F production, the serum levels of IL-17A and IL-17F were investigated in 107 and 109 patients as well as 33 and 52 healthy individuals, respectively, by ELISA assays.
RESULTS: The IL-17F TT genotype [OR=0.44, 95% CI: 0.21-0.94, P=0.03] and T allele [OR=0.46, 95% CI: 0.21-1.1, P=0.03] were associated with a decreased risk of CRC compared with the TC genotype and C allele. Moreover, IL-17F TT genotype was significantly associated with well differentiation in tumors (P=0.02). We also observed a significant association between the AG genotype of IL-17A G197A SNP with increased risk of colorectal cancer as compared to AA genotype (P=0.001). The IL-17A concentrations in the sera of patients with CRC were significantly elevated compared to healthy individuals (P=0.008), and serum level of IL-17A was significantly related to tumor size (P=0.043). The A allele of IL-23R rs10889677 polymorphism was marginally associated with increased IL-17A levels in the sera of patients (P=0.08). The genotype distributions of IL-23R rs11209026 and IL-23R rs10889677 SNPs were not significantly different between CRC patients and controls. The haplotypes of IL-17A G197A/IL-17F T7488C and IL-23R were not significantly associated with CRC. No IL-17F was detected in the sera of patients and only one healthy individual had IL-17F in his serum.
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that the T allele of IL-17F T7488C polymorphism may be involved in reduced risk of CRC and IL-17A may be an attractive target for colorectal cancer immunotherapy.
Labib HA, Ahmed HS, Shalaby SM, et al.Genetic polymorphism of IL-23R influences susceptibility to HCV-related hepatocellular carcinoma.
Cell Immunol. 2015; 294(1):21-4 [PubMed
] Related Publications
BACKGROUND: Genetic variations may play an important role in the development of HCC in HCV patients. Variants of IL23R gene were investigated for association with many diseases like chronic inflammatory disorders, RA, inflammatory bowel diseases and the susceptibility to the development of gastric cancer but no data are available concerning the association of IL23R gene (rs11209026) polymorphism with HCC development in HCV patients. Therefore the current study aimed to analyze this polymorphism within the gene to evaluate its contribution to chronic HCV susceptibility and/or HCC development in Egyptian patients.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and ninety-two patients with chronic HCV infection were included in this study (92 of them without HCC and 100 of them with HCC). One hundred healthy control subjects with no history of previous liver disease (HBV and HCV infection were negative) were included in the study. The IL23R polymorphism (rs11209026 G>A) were genotyped by real time PCR.
RESULTS: We found a significant lower incidence of GA and AA genotype in HCV patients with HCC compared to those without HCC (p=0.026 and 0.040 respectively) and compared to control group (p=0.008 and 0.007 respectively). While, no significant difference between control and HCV patients without HCC groups was found.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that wild type IL-23R GG serves as a risk factor for HCC and supports for the protective role of the rare variant rs11209026 (Arg381Gln) against HCV-related HCC in Egyptian patients.
Tang T, Xue H, Cui S, et al.Association of interleukin-23 receptor gene polymorphisms with risk of bladder cancer in Chinese.
Fam Cancer. 2014; 13(4):619-23 [PubMed
] Related Publications
To assess whether polymorphisms of the interleukin-23 receptor (IL23R) gene are associated with bladder transitional cell carcinoma because chronic inflammation contributes to bladder cancer and the IL23R is known to be critically involved in the carcinogenesis of various malignant tumors. 226 patients with bladder cancer and 270 age-matched controls were involved in the study. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism was used for genotyping. Genotype distribution and allelic frequencies between patients and controls were compared. In all three single nucleotide polymorphisms of IL23R studied, the distribution of genotype and allele frequencies of rs10889677 differed significantly between patients and controls. The frequency of allele C of rs10889677 was significantly increased in cases compared with controls (0.2898 vs. 0.1833, odds ratio 1.818, 95 % confidence interval 1.349-2.449). The result indicates that IL23R may play an important role in the susceptibility of bladder cancer in Chinese population.
PURPOSE: Recent studies have suggested that Th17 cells may play a role in the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This subset of CD4+ cells is characterized by interleukin (IL)-17A and IL-17F production, which share strong homology, and surface expression of the IL-23 receptor (IL-23R). The present study aimed to determine the association between the polymorphic features located within the IL-17A, IL-17F and IL-23R genes and disease susceptibility, progression and response to therapy. In addition, the relationship between the polymorphic variants and the plasma IL-17 levels in patients was analyzed.
METHODS: For this purpose, 187 individuals of Polish origin including 62 AML patients and 125 healthy controls were typed for IL-17A (rs2275913; G-197A), IL-17F (rs763780; A7488G; His161Arg) and IL-23R (rs11209026, G1142A; Arg381Gln) alleles.
RESULTS: The rs763780 IL-17F polymorphism appeared to be associated with susceptibility to the disease. The presence of the minor (G) variant (RR = 4.76, p < 0.001) and its homozygosity (RR = 23.02, p < 0.005) was more frequent among patients than healthy individuals. No significant association was observed for either other polymorphisms studied or IL-17 levels.
CONCLUSIONS: Thus, the rs763780 IL-17F polymorphism was found to be associated with predisposition to AML in the Polish population.
The presence of regulatory T cells (Treg) in solid tumors is known to play a role in patient survival in ovarian cancer and other malignancies. We assessed inherited genetic variations via 749 tag single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in 25 Treg-associated genes (CD28, CTLA4, FOXP3, IDO1, IL10, IL10RA, IL15, 1L17RA, IL23A, IL23R, IL2RA, IL6, IL6R, IL8, LGALS1, LGALS9, MAP3K8, STAT5A, STAT5B, TGFB1, TGFB2, TGFB3, TGFBR1, TGRBR2, and TGFBR3) in relation to ovarian cancer survival. We analyzed genotype and overall survival in 10,084 women with invasive epithelial ovarian cancer, including 5,248 high-grade serous, 1,452 endometrioid, 795 clear cell, and 661 mucinous carcinoma cases of European descent across 28 studies from the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium (OCAC). The strongest associations were found for endometrioid carcinoma and IL2RA SNPs rs11256497 [HR, 1.42; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.22-1.64; P = 5.7 × 10(-6)], rs791587 (HR, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.17-1.57; P = 6.2 × 10(-5)), rs2476491 (HR, = 1.40; 95% CI, 1.19-1.64; P = 5.6 × 10(-5)), and rs10795763 (HR, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.17-1.57; P = 7.9 × 10(-5)), and for clear cell carcinoma and CTLA4 SNP rs231775 (HR, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.54-0.82; P = 9.3 × 10(-5)) after adjustment for age, study site, population stratification, stage, grade, and oral contraceptive use. The rs231775 allele associated with improved survival in our study also results in an amino acid change in CTLA4 and previously has been reported to be associated with autoimmune conditions. Thus, we found evidence that SNPs in genes related to Tregs seem to play a role in ovarian cancer survival, particularly in patients with clear cell and endometrioid epithelial ovarian cancer.
BACKGROUND: As a key element in the T-helper 17 (Th17) cell-mediated inflammatory process, interleukin-23 receptor (IL-23R) plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of cancer. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in IL-23R have been frequently studied in several previous case-control cancer studies, but its association with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in Chinese population has not been investigated. This study examined whether genetic polymorphisms in IL-23R were associated with ESCC susceptibility.
METHODS: A hospital-based case-control study of 684 ESCC patients and 1064 healthy controls was performed to assess the association between four previous reported IL-23R genotypes (rs6682925, rs6683039, rs1884444 and rs10889677) and ESCC risk. The results revealed that the C allele of the rs10889677A>C polymorphism in the 3'UTR of IL-23R gene was inversely associated with the risk of ESCC.
RESULTS: The rs10889677AC genotype had significantly decreased cancer risk (odds ratio [OR] = 0.85, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.69-1.01) compared to subjects homozygous carriers of rs10889677AA, the risk decreased even further in those carrying rs10889677CC genotype (OR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.44-0.93). No significant association was found between the other three polymorphisms and the risk of ESCC.
CONCLUSION: These findings indicated that rs10889677A>C polymorphism in IL-23R may play a protective role in mediating the risk of ESCC.
Omrane I, Baroudi O, Bougatef K, et al.Significant association between IL23R and IL17F polymorphisms and clinical features of colorectal cancer.
Immunol Lett. 2014 Mar-Apr; 158(1-2):189-94 [PubMed
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Th17cells are involved in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. These cells may be involved in pathological processes mainly producing pro-inflammatory cytokines. Recently, it was shown that the IL23/IL17 pathway plays an important role in the development of inflammatory bowel disease. In general, genes encoding cytokines are genetically polymorphic and polymorphisms in genes IL23R el IL17F were shown associated with susceptibility to Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis which in their turn are considered as risk factors for developing colorectal cancer (CRC). Our approach is to study IL17F and IL23R polymorphisms as risk factor associated with CRC in the Tunisian population in patients and healthy controls. Interesting, we noted a significant association between IL17F and IL23R polymorphisms and tumor location (p=0.0001 and p=0.049, respectively), tumor histology (p=0.007 and p=0.049, respectively) and tumor architecture (p=0.0000000001 and p=0.07, respectively) in CRC patients. We also showed a significant association of IL17F variant with an increased risk of TNM stage III/IV (p=0.007), showing an increased risk of advanced stage. Finally, we observed a positive link between IL17F polymorphism and CRC patients with lymph nodes (p=0.0000000001) and metastasis (p=0.00000009). However, we found no evidence to support a significant association between IL17F and IL23R polymorphisms and colorectal cancer susceptibility. Our findings suggest that IL17F and IL23R polymorphisms were significantly associated with clinical features variables. The IL17F cytokine appear to be involved in the control of tumor growth and invasion of gastrointestinal tumors. IL17 and IL23 polymorphisms or those of their receptors as important determinants of susceptibility to colorectal cancer are still subject to questioning.
Interleukin-23 receptor (IL23R) can interact with IL-23 and, thus, is involved in the T-helper 17 (Th17) cell-mediated inflammatory process as well as tumorigenesis. Recently, a functional single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs10889677 has been identified in the 3'-untranslated region of IL-23R. It has been showed that the rs10889677AC SNP could increase the binding affinity of microRNA let-7f and downregulate IL-23R expression. Several case-control studies have examined the association between this SNP and genetic susceptibility of multiple solid tumors. However, the conclusions are conflicting. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to systematically study the role of this functional IL-23R SNP in development of multiple solid tumors. There are a total of 5 studies are eligible (6731 cases and 7296 healthy controls). Either fixed-effect model or random-effect model was used to calculate pooled odds ratios (ORs) and the 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Significant association between this functional rs10889677 genetic variant and risk of multiple solid tumors were observed (CC genotype vs. AA genotype: OR = 0.59, 95% CI = 0.53-0.66, P < 0.001). These findings demonstrated that the IL-23R rs10889677 genetic variant might play an important part during malignant transformation of multiple solid tumors.
Yao J, Liu L, Yang MInterleukin-23 receptor genetic variants contribute to susceptibility of multiple cancers.
Gene. 2014; 533(1):21-5 [PubMed
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AIM: Interleukin-23 (IL-23) and IL-23 receptor (IL23R) play an important role during the T-helper 17 (Th17) cell-mediated inflammatory process as well as pathogenesis of multiple cancers. Several IL-23R single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), especially rs6682925, rs10889677 and rs1884444 polymorphisms, are considered to have significant impacts on susceptibility of multiple cancers. A number of case-control studies have explored the role these genetic polymorphisms in development of carcinogenesis, but the conclusions are inconsistent. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to systematically investigate the associations between the three genetic variants and multiple cancer risk.
METHODS: A total of ten studies are eligible (12,211 patients and 14,650 controls). Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and the 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were appropriately calculated using either fixed-effect model or random-effect model.
RESULTS: Significant associations between rs6682925 or rs10889677 polymorphism and cancer risk were found (OR=1.11, 95% CI=1.03-1.21, P=0.007; or OR=0.85, 95% CI=0.71-0.92, P=0.001). However, there was no such association between rs1884444 genotypes and cancer susceptibility (P>0.05).
CONCLUSION: These findings reveal that the IL-23R rs6682925 and rs10889677 genetic variants play a more important part in pathogenesis of multiple cancers.
Peng Q, Qin Y, Chen Z, et al.Correlation between interleukin‑23 receptor gene polymorphisms and risk of hepatitis B virus infection in patients.
Mol Med Rep. 2013; 8(2):613-20 [PubMed
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There is an increasing amount of evidence supporting the hypothesis that the pathological stage from hepatitis to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a chronic inflammatory process. Interleukin‑23 (IL‑23) is an important mediator and modulator of inflammation. Specific polymorphisms in the genes encoding subunits of the IL‑23 receptor (IL‑23R) have been consistently observed to be associated with chronic immune‑mediated diseases. In the current study, these variants were hypothesized to affect the risk of hepatitis B virus infection in patients. Three polymorphisms in the IL‑23R gene (rs10889677, rs1884444 and rs11465817) were examined in 84 cases of chronic hepatitis B (HBV), 67 cases of HBV‑related liver cirrhosis, 89 cases of HBV‑related HCC and 94 healthy controls using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)‑restriction fragment length polymorphism method and DNA sequencing. The results revealed that subjects with the TG genotype of rs1884444 appeared to have higher susceptibility to HCC compared with the TT genotype (adjusted odds ratio (OR), 2.86; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.39‑5.85; P=0.00). The rs1884444 G allele was associated with a significantly increased risk of HCC compared with the T allele (adjusted OR, 1.58; 95% CI, 0.96‑2.60; P=0.07). The rs11465817 and rs10889677 polymorphisms of the IL‑23R gene were not observed as being relevant to liver disease. These observations indicate that the genetic variants in the IL‑23R gene may contribute to HCC development. Additional studies with larger sample sizes must be conducted to confirm the current observations.
AIM: To investigate the expression of interleukin (IL)-22 and its related proteins in biopsy specimens from patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and UC-related carcinogenesis.
METHODS: Biopsy specimens were obtained from patients with inactive (n = 10), mild-to-moderately active (n = 30), severely active (n = 34), initial (n = 30), and chronic UC (n = 44), as well as UC patients with dysplasia (n = 10). Specimens from patients without colonic abnormalities (n = 20) served as controls. Chronic colitis in experimental mice was induced by 2.5% dextran sodium sulfate. The expression levels of IL-22, IL-23, IL-22R1 and phosphorylated STAT3 (p-STAT3) were determined by immunohistochemistry. Bcl-2, cyclin D1 and survivin expression was detected by Western blotting.
RESULTS: Patients with active UC had significantly more IL-22, IL-23, IL-22R1 and p-STAT3-positive cells than the patients with inactive UC and normal controls. Furthermore, IL-22 and related proteins were closely related to the severity of the colitis. The expression of IL-22 and IL-22R1 in the tissue of initial UC was stronger than in that of chronic UC, whereas the expression of p-STAT3 was significantly increased in chronic UC tissues. In dysplasia tissues, the expression level of IL-22 and related proteins was higher compared with controls. Mouse colitis model showed that expression of IL-22, IL-22R1 and IL-23 was increased with time, p-STAT3 and the downstream gene were also remarkably upregulated.
CONCLUSION: IL-22/STAT3 signaling pathway may be related to UC and UC-induced carcinogenesis and IL-22 can be used as a biomarker in judging the severity of UC.
Li J, Zhang L, Zhang J, et al.Interleukin 23 regulates proliferation of lung cancer cells in a concentration-dependent way in association with the interleukin-23 receptor.
Carcinogenesis. 2013; 34(3):658-66 [PubMed
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A proinflammatory cytokine, interleukin 23 (IL-23), plays a role in tumor progression by inducing inflammation in the tumor microenvironment, although there is debate about its role in carcinogenesis. Direct effects of IL-23 on tumor cells have been reported rarely, and contradictory effects have been observed. Here, we studied such effects of IL-23 in lung cancer cells in vitro and in vivo and explored the underlying mechanism. We found IL-23 receptor expression in tissues from lung adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma but not in lung squamous cell carcinoma tissue. Interestingly, different concentrations of IL-23 had opposite effects in the same types of cells. We confirmed that the different effects could be explained by differences in binding to the IL-23 receptor (subunits IL-23r and IL-12Rβ1). Low concentrations of IL-23 promoted the proliferation of IL-23 receptor-positive A549 and SPCA-1 lung cancer cells by binding to IL-23r, whereas high concentrations of IL-23 inhibited proliferation of these cells by binding to both IL-23r and IL-12Rβ1. In contrast, IL-23 had no effect on IL-23 receptor-negative SK-MES-1 cells. IL-23 regulated the growth of human lung cancer cells through its effects on STAT3 expression and phosphorylation in a concentration-dependent way; the Ki-67 gene was involved in these processes. Our findings demonstrate for the first time that IL-23 affects the proliferation of IL-23 receptor-positive lung cancer cells and that this effect is dependent on the IL-23 concentration. This can explain at least part of the inconsistent reports on the role of IL-23 in the progression of carcinogenesis.
BACKGROUND: Research into the etiology of breast cancer has recently focused on the role of the immunity and inflammation. Interleukin-23 and its receptor (IL23R) guide T cells towards the Th17 phenotype. IL23R single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been shown to be associated with digestive system cancers. To evaluate the influences of IL23R gene polymorphisms on the risk of sporadic breast cancer, a case-control study was conducted in Chinese Han women.
METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We genotyped two tag SNPs (rs10889677 in the 3'-UTR region and nonsynonymous variants rs1884444 in exon 2) in IL23R gene of 491 breast cancer patients and 502 matched healthy controls. The genotypes were determined using the SNaPshot technique. The differences in the genotypic distribution between breast cancer patients and healthy controls were analyzed with the Chi-square test for trends. For rs10889677 in IL23R, the frequencies of the AA genotype and the A allele were statistical significant higher in breast cancer patients than in controls (P = 0.0084 and P = 0.0171, respectively), whereas the C allele was associated with an earlier age of breast cancer onset (50.6 years for AA, 48.7 years for AC and 46.0 years for CC (P = 0.0114)) in case-only study. The clinical features analysis demonstrated significant associations between rs1884444 in IL23R and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (Her-2) and tumor size status.
CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: Our results suggest that a miRNA binding site SNP in the 3'-UTR region of the IL23R gene may be associated with the risk of breast cancer and contribute to the early development of breast cancer in Chinese women.
Carlsson E, Krohn K, Ovaska K, et al.Neuron navigator 3 alterations in nervous system tumors associate with tumor malignancy grade and prognosis.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2013; 52(2):191-201 [PubMed
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Copy number changes or reduced expression of the Neuron navigator 3 (NAV3) gene occurs in neuroblastomas and malignancies of epithelial or lymphoid origin. To elucidate whether NAV3 has a role in the tumorigenesis of nervous system tumors in general, we studied central and peripheral nervous system tumors for NAV3 copy number changes. In search for common tumorigenic denominators, we analyzed 113 central and peripheral nervous system tumors, including glial tumors (grades I-IV gliomas), medulloblastomas, and neuroblastomas. NAV3 copy number changes were studied by fluorescence in situ hybridization and correlated to survival analyses. To identify target genes of NAV3 deletion, NAV3 was silenced by siRNA in glioblastoma cell lines and gene expression profiles were analyzed by Agilent 4×44k dual-color microarrays. Selected upregulations were confirmed by immunohistochemistry and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. We found NAV3 amplifications to dominate in neuronally differentiated tumors, whereas glial tumors showed almost equal proportions of NAV3 deletion and amplification. However, Grade IV gliomas had more frequent NAV3 deletions than grades I-III gliomas. Silencing of NAV3 in glioma cell lines led to the upregulation of receptor genes associated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone and Jak-Stat signaling pathways. Kaplan-Meier analysis of the entire clinical tumor material showed association between NAV3 amplifications and favorable prognosis, as well as NAV3 deletions and unfavorable prognosis. With Cox regression model, a hazard ratio of 0.51 was observed for NAV3 amplifications and 1.36 for NAV3 deletions. We conclude that NAV3 may be a potential new prognostic biomarker and a potential therapeutic target.
Zheng J, Jiang L, Zhang L, et al.Functional genetic variations in the IL-23 receptor gene are associated with risk of breast, lung and nasopharyngeal cancer in Chinese populations.
Carcinogenesis. 2012; 33(12):2409-16 [PubMed
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Interleukin-23 receptor (IL-23R) is a key element in the T-helper 17 cell-mediated inflammatory process, which plays an important role in the pathogenesis of cancer. In this study, we examined whether genetic polymorphisms in IL-23R are associated with cancer risk in 4936 cancer patients and 5664 control subjects from eastern and southern Chinese populations. We found that the C allele of the rs10889677A>C polymorphism in the 3'-untranslated region of IL-23R was inversely associated with risk of multiple types of cancer, including breast cancer, lung cancer and nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Healthy controls who harbored the rs10889677C allele had significantly decreased cancer risk (odds ratio = 0.74, 95% confidence interval = 0.71-0.78) compared with those who harbored the rs10889677A allele. Biochemical analysis demonstrated that the rs10889677A allele disrupted the binding site for the microRNA miR-let-7f, thereby increasing the transcription of the IL-23R in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, cancer-free individuals carrying the rs10889677CC homozygous genotype had a lower proportion of regulatory T cells (Tregs) and a higher T-cell proliferation rate upon stimulation with concanavalin A than individuals carrying the rs10889677AA homozygous genotype. Our findings indicate that the IL-23R rs10889677A>C polymorphism may influence T-cell proliferation, resulting in changes in the levels of Tregs in vivo and modifying cancer susceptibility.
Xu Y, Liu Y, Pan S, et al.IL-23R polymorphisms, HBV infection, and risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in a high-risk Chinese population.
J Gastroenterol. 2013; 48(1):125-31 [PubMed
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BACKGROUND: The interleukin-23 receptor (IL-23R) plays an important role in the T-helper 17 cell-mediated inflammatory process and is also involved in tumor immune surveillance, which may be linked to carcinogenesis in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we hypothesized that potentially functional genetic variants of the IL-23R gene may modify HCC risk.
METHODS: We genotyped two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of IL-23R, rs6682925 and rs1884444, in a case-control study of 837 HCC cases, 899 HBV surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive controls, and 743 HBsAg-negative controls. A reporter gene assay was performed to evaluate the functional relevance of the rs6682925 SNP located at the promoter region of the IL-23R gene.
RESULTS: We found that the two SNPs were associated with the risk of HCC when compared with both the HBsAg-positive and -negative controls. When compared with all controls, IL-23R rs6682925 and rs1884444 both increased the HCC risk in a recessive genetic model [rs6682925 CC vs. TT/TC: odds ratio (OR) 1.35, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.07-1.70; rs1884444 GG vs. TT/TG: OR 1.36, 95 % CI 1.05-1.77]. Furthermore, the variant C allele of rs6682925 in the promoter region of IL-23R was associated with increased reporter gene activity.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that genetic variants in IL-23R may contribute to HCC development.